WIRES AND JEWELRY MATERIALS YOU NEED TO MAKE JEWELRY
There are two important aspects you need to know about wire before choosing one for your jewelry, which are hardness and caliber. Thus, the wire gauge refers to the thickness of the wire and the smaller the number, the thicker the wire and with respect to hardness, it is about how hard the wire is and it can be completely hard, semi-hard and soft.
In this sense, to create jewelry is required materials such as wire, glass, beads, pins, among others and the tools to transform all these materials into a beautiful piece.
Wires and jewelry materials you need for costume jewelry: The costume jewelry project
The jewelry is made with different materials such as paper pulp, porcelain, brass wire, glass paste, varnishes, cultured pearls, among others. Thus, handmade jewelry is designed and created with the aim of giving value to the materials that are used by themselves, an important part of it is made with the aim of covering it with precious metal, such as gold, silver, or rhodium.
If the quality of the coating on the fine jewellery trim is good, it can be virtually the same as that of a jewel. Density is a characteristic that can differentiate an imitation from a piece of jewelry, since precious metals are very dense, and therefore the jewelry made with them are, for their size, very heavy.
Materials to select from
To know exactly the type of wire to be used for a jewelry model, it is necessary to have a clear idea of the project to be carried out and the materials used will depend on it to obtain a good result and a well elaborated piece. For this reason, when selecting the project, the wire to be used, the corresponding gauge and its hardness will already be clear.
You should also choose the material you want to use, as there are different wire models, such as aluminum, copper, iron, handcrafted, colored, precious metal, memory, sterling silver, gold plated, silver plated and tiger tail or waxed wire. Depending on the material used to make the wire, it will be the cost.
Wire Types for General Jewelry
There are many frequent and economical alternatives for the manufacture of jewelry such as copper, niobium and aluminum. The copper wire is available in gold and silver and is protected by a varnish. On the other hand, niobium is light, available in different colors and is strong.
While the colored aluminum wire comes in different calibers and usually has color inside, so you don’t have to be so careful when using the tools. Regarding precious metal wires, they come in copper, sterling silver, gold plated, silver plated, and vermeil, it is a coiled wire perfect for highlighting jewelry. It is noted that the smaller the roll, the more valuable and expensive the metal will be.
Another type of wire is the so-called tiger tail, which is very common in the manufacture of jewelry, as it is a braided wire made of stainless steel covered with nylon. This material is very resistant and comes in a variety of colors, although it cannot be used in the wiring technique, but it can be used to give the setting an “invisible” look, so that it looks like the beads are floating.
Make your own jewelry
To complement our attire, women use accessories of different types and textures, whether they are handbags, coats, jackets, belts, and scarves; however we like nothing more than wearing different types of jewelry, such as earrings, necklaces, bracelets, rings, watches and other pieces.
That is why it would be wonderful if we could make our own accessories and wear them every time, being unique, exclusive and of our liking designs. Besides that we choose from the material, the colors and we do not skimp on the details we want to add to the piece because it will be for us.
In relation to the types of piece, as well as its texture, color, among others, we suggest you visit some web pages where you can find some designs and models, in order to give you more clarity at the time of making your project.
The selection of the stones
For this, it is important that you consider what is related to beads or stones, as for example, you have precious stones, named for their purity, rarity and monetary value, which can be made up of stones such as diamonds, sapphires, rubies, emeralds, among others.
You can also find semi-precious stones, such as agate, quartz, garnet, amethyst, turquoise, among others, which are more easily found, so their economic value is lower.
Also available are precious woods, such as swarovski crystals, which are the most economical because they are manufactured in different parts of the world. Also, the beads are made of natural materials, such as ivory, pearls, among others. Finally we find the glass beads, which are of excellent quality, and come in different colors that can be combined with wood, natural materials and stones. And for those who can afford to pay less, there are also plastic beads that mimic good quality glass, and they are low priced.
These beads are perforated in the middle to be threaded with wire. Remember that you don’t need to buy more of the accounts you’re going to use, depending on your project, so you can concentrate and build it as planned.
The metals to choose from
Just as it is important to select the beads or stones, as well as the wire or thread, it is also important to know how to choose an ornament or piece of metal that stands out and gives a special touch to our jewelry. For this we have the clasp with which the necklace or the bracelet or the pendants are closed. Also, the circle that forms the ring or the hooks and rubbers for the earrings.
It is good to note that these metals give harmony and coherence to the pieces, increasing their brightness and distinction. That is why, to make our own jewelry we can look for metals of various compositions such as: Silver or silver plated pieces, copper, steel, brass, gold or gold plated pieces, you can also locate plastic beads and pendants with some metal finish, useful for girls jewelry.
Another thing you can do is to buy the ring base and the hooks for the metal earrings, and try to buy metals that do not react with your skin, i.e. that are nickel-free, as contact with the skin can cause it to turn black.
What kind of tool to use?
To make the jewelry pieces, or for most of the jobs we will need at least three types of tweezers as working tools, including flat tweezers, to open and close the earrings, tighten the seals and hold the threads. A round clamp is also required to shape the wires and handle the metal threads well. Also, some cutting pliers to cut the flanges, threads and wires used.
With simple tweezers that you can buy in the market to work with and in general you can get them cheaper in hardware stores than in specialized craft stores. So, one piece of advice is to buy the best tools your budget will allow you and they will wear out less and this will make them more profitable in the long run.
Types of Wires for Jewelry Making In Peruvian Knitwear
If you choose to work with silver wire, this is a very malleable metal, and like gold, in its pure state it is very soft. In its bond with copper it acquires greater hardness and resistance, but it also becomes more oxidizable.
The calibers of the wire will depend on the work to be done. It is necessary that the wire has ductility, for this it must have an annealing process, so that it is ductile and suitable to continue working it. If the metal were not to be annealed, it would begin to crack and break.
Pure silver 999.9 (Unlike silver 925 and 950 which are silver and copper alloys)
It is a light grey and shiny metal. Only pure silver can be used for woven jewelry, since if there is an alloy, it would become rigid and it would be difficult to weave it, it is also annealed to achieve greater ductility. There are different sizes or thicknesses. The following thicknesses 28 to 34 gauges (0.33 to 0.15 mm) are recommended for easy work.
Yellow Gold Wire
18-carat yellow gold is usually bonded with a alloy composed of one half copper and one half silver. Depending on the proportions used, a different colour and hardness will be obtained.
The more copper the alloy contains, the redder and harder the metal will be. And the more silver, the yellower and softer. For the heat treatment it is necessary to do two points before the final size, otherwise it will be too soft.
Enameled Copper Wire
It is a reddish-brown, shiny, ductile, and very malleable metal. The enameled copper is a noble metal that does not stain the skin, as it will not oxidize, nor cause allergies to anyone who wears a jewel made with this material. If the choice is bare copper to make fabrics, it must be annealed. All thicknesses are easy to work with crochet, due to its ductility.
In the tutorials we generally use silver and gold wire thicknesses of 0.22 millimeters and 0.30 millimeters.
EXAMPLE: THE 0.25 MM IS 30 GAUGE.
Generally in the fabric you can use double and triple (2 threads and 3 threads knitted together) and we can also use 0.30 millimeters that would be 28 gauge, which is what I use in most of the tutorials I do the Peruvian point. In the following table you can see that when ordering the wire in gauge and mm you can understand the relationship that is established.
Always consult the tables to be able to express the order according to the country you are in.
AWG (American Wire Gauge) / MM (Diameter)
How to Choose Crochet Needles or Hooks
Crocheting, crochet or hook weaving is a technique for weaving yarn or wool using a short, specific needle, the “crochet” or “crochet needle” of metal, plastic or wood. There are different brands on the market, the metric system is the only constant measurement scale and is included along with the size indicator on each hook.
The steel crochets are numbered from the largest size 00 (3.50 mm) to the smallest size 14 (0.75 mm). The choice of the diameter of the crochet is directly related to the diameter of the wire used to make the fabric. The larger the crochet, the larger the point will be, and the work will not be firm.
I recommend weaving with small diameters, to achieve very delicate, compact weaving patterns that look like they were made by a “machine” for their perfection and harmony.
Numerical and equivalent metric sizes:
Every piece of jewelry receives a holding mechanism to hold it in place. In many cases it is required to make a clasp that allows the fastening of bracelets, necklaces, earrings, brooches or any other element that can be a magnetic clasp, a screw closure, a carabinertype clasp, bracelet tube clasps, pressure clasps.
Tools for use
The tools used are the following: round nose nipper, smaller nippers, fine nose nippers, wire cutter and chain nose nippers.
Auxiliary tools (ring mandrel and cutting pliers)
Other tips we give you so that you can achieve the creation of a beautiful jewel that is made with the corresponding materials.
When choosing the right wire for your jewelry project, it’s a good idea to be aware of the type of metal you want to use. There is also the possibility that some experimentation or practice may be needed to find out which type of wire is suitable for your costume jewelry project.
Also, gold rolled wire, which is less expensive and resembles gold, may be more suitable for special projects that have a distinguished appearance. Also, copper wires are necessary for the manufacture of earrings, necklaces and many costume jewelry projects, as a variety of calibers are available, and the memory wire is perfect for bracelets.
Finally, the use of nickel-free wires is recommended, as these usually cause allergic reactions. Most handcrafted colored wires are nickel plated, so it’s a good idea to consider all of this before you choose.
What are the wires used by Adriana Laura Mendez at Punto Crochet?
The wires I use to make my jewelry I have been bought from two places:
Pros: My experience with wires.co.uk was very good because it’s easy to use and the jewels stand out a lot once finished.
Cons: The color of the wire does not last forever and in a few years the silver or gold color will fade with time.
Location: New York
Pros: Parawire was an excellent purchase because they have many colored wires that stand out a lot in the final jewel.
Cons: The only downside is that some wire may not stand out as much as other companies.
Silver Wire from Wires.Co.Uk – Scientific Wire Company
One of the wires I use to make all my Peruvian point jewelry are from wires.co.uk. The silver wires I bought to make the jewelry are in this link.
Gold wire from Wires.Co.Uk – Scientific Wire Company
For the gold wires from wires.co.uk you can buy the gold wires you want of different calibers in the following link.
Pink Gold Wire from Wires.Co.Uk – Scientific Wire Company
For the pink gold wires from wires.co.uk you can buy the gold wires of your choice of different calibers in the following link.
Parawire Pink Wire Color
For the pink parawire wires you can buy the gold wires you want of different calibers in the following link.
Parawire Green Wire Color
For the green parawire wires you can buy the gold wires you want of different calibers in the following link.
Parawire Red Wire
For the red parawire wires you can buy the gold wires you want of different sizes in the following link.
Parawire Gold Wire
For the red parawire wires you can buy the gold wires you want of different sizes in the following link.