THE TRUTH OF INDIAN JEWELRY BELIEFS AND SUPERSTITIONS
In this article we will look at the beliefs of Indian jewelry. It is a mystery to many people the whole tradition that they wear in India, both women’s clothing, because we are impressed to see them dressed up differently from us, as well as the jewels they wear because behind them there are certain beliefs, meanings, rituals and magic that we do not know. But have you ever wondered, is it true that these precious jewels have any effect on human beings? What’s behind them?
The Truth of the Beliefs of Indian Jewelry
If we look back a little to ancient times we can see the type of jewelry that people used at that time, but it would be good to know the meaning of each one of them or at least of the most common ones, since they used them not only for their attractiveness but also had great faith in them. It turns out that these stones according to these beliefs had healing powers, money attraction, many of their decorations refer to marriage and in the different customs that only married, divorced or widowed women can be identified by their different costumes and jewelry on the body, both in shape and in color and size etc.
Women adorn every part of their bodies with these jewels according to the state from which they belong and their materials change, for example: in the states of Orissa and Andhra they are famous for their silver works in filigree that are also known as Tarkashi.
We will teach you a little about the most used and popular decorations used in India and their meanings:
MAAN TIKKA: A few years ago this garment was used by brides on their wedding day. the term “maang” refers to the splitting of the hair and “tikka” is the point on the forehead where tilak is applied, which is that circular mark placed in the middle of the forehead. Today, this garment is also used by ladies who are in charge of wedding functions or during the celebration.
NATHNI: It is that ring that is placed in a hole in the nose, is a very popular garment and its origin is from the Middle East, its arrival in India was with the invasion of the Mongolians.
JHUMKA: They are earrings, but they are identified with that term, they have been used by both men and women since ancient times. In the early days of civilization ornamentation became very popular so people began to use animal bones and wooden pieces as jewelry.
HAAR: We know that necklaces are one of the most elegant jewelry in the world and in traditional Indian jewelry we can find a very wide variety of designs, colors and styles.
BAJUBAND: It is a bracelet that we see a lot of today, is placed on the dominant arm. In ancient times it was used by men and women for the sole purpose of beautifying themselves, they used to be elaborated in raw metal in the form of vines, snakes or crocodiles.
CHUDI: These are the bracelets of a very well-known and used piece. In India they are generally used in pairs, with more than one pair on each arm. Most women prefer to use them in gold or silver or simply combine them. Bracelets have great significance in the Hindu religion or belief as they are considered “unfavorable” for any woman to wear her arms without them. They also wear wedding bracelets which are made of glass, if the husband dies the Indian woman breaks his bracelets in a mourning. The color on the glass bracelets has different meanings, each region of India has a kind of code that they reflect through the color of the bracelets, according to their customs, beliefs or traditions. Red symbolizes energy, blue means wisdom, purple means independence, green symbolizes luck in marriage and yellow means happiness. The orange bracelets symbolize success, the white ones a new beginning and the black ones mean power; the silver bracelets symbolize strength and the gold fortune.
ANGOOTHI: This is how the beautiful traditional rings that in ancient times were made of raw metal or wood are called, nowadays their methods of elaboration have been refined and can be found in almost any material like plastic, copper, aluminum, iron, steel, among others.
PAYAL: This piece is usually placed on the ankle and is very popular with young women, the elderly or children. This piece is famous for its beautiful carving work.
BICHUA:It is the ring that is placed on the toes, formerly used only by married women, but today it is used by young people as a beautiful fashion accessory. These rings have the particularity that they are not totally closed like those of the hands, it has an opening that makes them adjustable to the finger, just like the tail of the scorpion because the word BICHUA means scorpion.
So every jewel worn by the Hindu population has its meaning further than just the beauty or adornment that it brings to the body of mostly women. Indian jewelry has changed over time. Most Indian jewelry is made out of 18k yellow or 22k gold, something below that is not considered a good jewel to wear. Married women wear a black pearl necklace called “mangalsutra” and symbolize their status as married women, yet men have no traditional jewelry to wear to show their status as married men.
Other Symbols and Meanings of Hindu Jewelry
India is a rich country in precious stones and metals. They use certain jewelry stores to refine their traditional dances and theatre plays. In the different parts or states of India (to put it mildly), they have different types of jewelry, through which they are specified or called Cuttack and it is in the state of Orissa that the best silver watermark work in the country is produced.
Brightness, beauty, elegance, belief and meaning are just some of the characteristics attributed to Hindu jewelry. It has very deep roots in religion, symbolizing a power of great value to those who wear them. In this case, women are the privileged ones to wear them, with a faith and a feeling that makes them stand out.
Although it is women who normally wear jewelry, there are also cases where men can wear it, and this is partly because they are Hindu practitioners.
Hindu Jewelry Beliefs: The Tikka
There is another very striking and popular jewel, the Maang Tikka, which is a jewel that looks fabulous and is worn in the center of the hair. When the Tikka is worn on the middle stripe it makes it more visible and prominent on the face, and emphasizes the forehead of the person wearing it. A Tikka looks great on all types of faces, especially for a round face, as it adds a dimension of length to it. A Tikka helps to open the face, creating a brighter appearance, putting the face in the spotlight.
The length of the hair must be at least shoulder length or longer in order to put on a Tikka correctly. The hair should have been washed at least one day before, as freshly washed hair is extremely difficult to stylize and hold. Brush the hair evenly with a brush to remove all tangles and knots.
A straight, orderly stripe is made in the middle of the hair from the front to the crown of the head. You can also create a simple spiral bow or leave it open if you prefer.
Apply a light mist of lacquer to prevent hair from falling out. This will help your hair look neater and stay intact longer. The lacquer or fixing agent should not be used once the Tikka is in place, as this can overshadow the crystals.
Hindu Jewelry Beliefs: Tikka Placement
The Tikka is placed on the head so that the chain is supported on the hairline and the central pendant is placed on the forehead. The Tikka’s hook is attached to the hair.
To secure the Tikka’s hook securely, use thin forks until it is securely fastened and does not come off. The hairpins should be the same color as the hair. Also, to secure the front trim part, some glue such as “Uhu” or liquid silicone should be applied.
Ornaments by Women from India
The forehead ornaments worn by Indian women are deeply rooted in Hinduism and are a traditional way to express identity externally. Dressing to showcase your heritage celebrates your genuineness with confidence, so don’t be afraid to draw inspiration from this example and show what makes you special.
Another thing that characterizes Indian culture is the spot on the forehead that we see women on many occasions, whether in documentaries, movies or during a trip to the unique Hindu lands. Women who, on their colorful saris and tattooed hands, wear a red mole on their foreheads, between their pupils, and many have ventured to call it the third eye. The reason for this peculiar characteristic is not only superficial, but it hides several names and a millenary meaning represented by color and according to the area of the body. But in particular, let’s focus on the red mole that Hindu women wear on their foreheads.
The point of Hindu women is the patrimony of this belief, although some men have also come to wear it. This mole has different names: tilaka, bindi (dot in Sanskrit language), or kumkum and is composed of materials such as sandalwood or charcoal.
This red dot occupies the position of the so-called ajna chakra, one of the 7 chakras (those considered the most important) and represents the third eye. According to Hindu beliefs, God gave us two eyes to look at the outside world, while this third eye represents the introspective, inward, look at God. Its red color, while worn by priests and other modalities of Hindu society, is drawn primarily for married women as a symbol of their marital status.
Bindis in Different Colors
Many people wear different colored bindis: the yellow one symbolizes prosperity and is usually worn by businessmen, the white one brings spiritual purification, the blue one wisdom, the green one luck and the black one, in most cases, the singlehood of a woman. These meanings, while still applied today, are still fashionable, as many women forget the typical, committed red color in pursuit of other tones that match their sari or current state.
On the other hand, bindi is not exclusive to women, as many men, whether for business, spiritual status or religious ceremonies, also wear it on their foreheads. With respect to Westerners, the presence of the third eye is a recurring element in meditation or the practice of kundalini as a way of abstraction and contact with the universe.
Hindu Jewelry Beliefs: Symbolism of The Red Dot
The symbolism of the red dot in Hindu women is a curiosity that you may not have found an explanation for, but it is nourished by many meanings, mostly spiritual, but especially red is directly related to the married women of India belonging to Hinduism. One of the many and peculiar characteristics of a society that, due to development and new moves such as divorce or female independence, causes the canons of the most spiritual aesthetic to shake.
In conclusion this culture is pretty extensive, quite magical and beautiful, we can never know if all these garments really tend to have the effects and magic that we think because it is a fairly broad culture but something we are sure is that these people have a lot of faith in that.